Pillars of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam , The 5 Pillars of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam , The 5 Pillars of Islam ,
A Muslim expresses
his/her faith (Iman) in the following words:
Ash-hadu anla ilaha illal-Lahu Wahdahu la Sharika Lahu wa-ash-hadu anna Muhammadan
abduhu wa rasuluhu
The English translation of the Shahadah is as follows:
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, the One, without
any partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.
The declaration of
faith consists of two distinct parts, i.e., the absolute belief in the Unity of
Allah (God) and the belief in the Holy Prophet Muhammad as a mortal human being
and the Messenger of Allah.
Islam's fundamental belief is the Unity of God. All other beliefs hang on this belief.
Therefore the acknowledgement and 'bearing witness' of this is the key to the Muslim
faith. Unless this is observed one cannot be a Muslim. A Muslim accepts Allah as
the only God, and only Master, Lord and Ruler with no partner sharing in any way
His Being, Powers and Attributes. He is One; He is Unique; He is not the father
of any one, nor He has or had any father. He is Almighty and Self-Sustaining. He
is there forever, and will be there forever.
A Muslim believes in Allah as the Ruler and must not disobey Him. In fact everything
that exists in the universe obeys Him. He is the Fashioner of all the Universes
that may exist.
The belief in the Prophet Muhammad (on whom be peace) as the servant and Messenger
of Allah completes one’s faith. The Holy Prophet was the greatest of all the
Prophets of Allah, yet he was only a human being with no share in Divinity. This
is a very important belief that keeps Muslims from associating partners with Allah.
This part of the Declaration of Faith where reinforces the first part of Allah being
the only Supreme Being with no partners also establishes the absolute authority
of the Holy Prophet as the Messenger of Allah, who must be obeyed as well in all
the matters of faith. The Holy Prophet is the last prophet who brought us the last
Book (the Holy Quran) to be followed. He lived among his people for a long time
and his life is documented in utmost detail. He lead his followers by example. The
way he lived his life and admonished his followers to live their lives is called
Sunnah of the Holy Prophet. The second part of the Declaration of Faith makes obeying
and following the advice of the Prophet Muhammad equally important to the belief
in absolute Unity of Allah. This declaration make one to completely submit to the
Will of Allah and that is why one who declares this belief is called a Muslim -
one who completely submits to the will of Allah.